Anthropology Laboratories, Facilities, and Programs
Alfonso Ortiz Center for Intercultural Studies
The Alfonso Ortiz Center for Intercultural Studies was founded as a collaborative endeavor between the Department of Anthropology and the Maxwell Museum of Anthropology at the University of New Mexico for the purpose of academic outreach within and beyond the campus environment. The center is named for the late UNM anthropology professor, MacArthur fellow, and native of Ohkay Owingeh (formerly San Juan Pueblo), Alfonso Ortiz. In keeping with Dr. Ortiz’s vision, the center strives to make academic knowledge relevant, useful, and accountable to the university and the community at large, as well as to enhance, inform, and support community scholars, artists, writers, policy makers, and researchers whose work is relevant to the study of human life and experience. The Ortiz Center thus seeks to serve as a site and resource for the pursuit of knowledge through inclusive dialogue, exchange, and innovation. The center supports multiple and varied programs that bridge the worlds of academia and the wider community. These interdisciplinary programs include sponsorship of public lectures, museum programs for the public, and community exchange through workshops, projects, and collaborations. Program subjects include indigenous material culture, oral history, environment and climate change, education, food, and health.
Archaeology Graduate Lab
Archaeology Teaching Lab
Hibben 125 is a teaching lab for introductory archaeology (Anth 120/122L), zooarchaeology (Anth 373/573) and geoarchaeology (numbers???). This space houses teaching collections for introductory archaeology as well as larger specimens that are part of the zooarchaeology lab (description available under Zooarchaeology Lab).
Archaeometry and Environmental Archaeology Lab
Keith Prufer, Anthropology Building
This laboratory is a 700 sq. ft. wet/dry lab. The dry lab is equipped with four PC computers running GIS software (ARC-GIS and Q-Coherent LP360) along with a dedicated server, scanner, and backup drives. There is software for word processing, database entry, statistics, and controlling portable and scanning XRF. The dry lab also houses a Bruker Tracer portable EDXRF analyzer and a Leica total survey station and GPS. The wet lab houses an international soils permit and is under development for pretreatment of AMS radiocarbon samples, analysis of soils, basic archaeological chemistry.
Biological Anthropology Teaching Lab
This laboratory houses human, monkey, and ape skeletal materials as well as casts of hominin fossils spanning our entire evolutionary history throughout the Old World. This collection provides students with hands-on experience learning anatomy, taxonomy, and biomechanics, and instructors use these materials extensively in introductory, osteology, and paleoanthropology courses.
The Chaco Museum Collection is primarily an archaeological research collection documenting the full range of prehistoric and historic occupation of Chaco Canyon, from ca. 2900 BC to the mid-1900s. The museum collection is divided into two components: objects and archives. The collection contains over 1 million artifacts and nearly 900,000 archival records. In 2007, the Chaco Collection was moved into its new home in the Hibben Center on the University of New Mexico Albuquerque campus. The repository can be visited by appointment.
Clark Field Archive and Library
Maxwell Museum and Anthropology, Anthropology Building and Hibben Center
Paper archival collections include the library of over 12, 000 specialized anthropological volumes and journals, and an extensive documentary archive drawn from almost a century of field work in all areas of UNM anthropology around the world.
Ethnology Graduate Lab
Evolutionary Anthropology Graduate Lab
The Hominoid Reproductive Ecology Laboratory (HREL)
Melissa Emery Thompson and Martin Muller, Anthropology Building, Patio Wing
Established in 2008 the laboratory focuses on analysis of biomarkers of stress, reproductive function, and health, and has a particular emphasis on non-invasive methods and comparisons across hominoid species. During 2012-13, the laboratory expanded in both space and capacity, acquiring a refrigerated centrifugal concentrator which aids in the processing of heat-sensitive samples. The HREL is the principal laboratory for three long-term research projects: 1. the Tsimane Health and Life History Project investigating aging and immune function in hunter-gatherers in Bolivia; 2. the Kibale Chimpanzee Project investigating interactions of ecological variation, steroid physiology, and social behavior, and 3. the Gunung Palung Orangutan Research Project investigating life history variation among wild and captive orangutans. Other collaborations include a study of proximate hormonal mechanisms for sexual motivation in humans; health and relationship quality in humans; activity budgets and energetics in owl monkeys; and a study of stress and functional impairments in pediatric cancer survivors.
Human Osteology Lab and Body Donation Program
Heather Edgar, Anthropology Building
The Laboratory of Human Osteology is a part of the Maxwell Museum of Anthropology. It houses collections of prehistoric, historic, and contemporary human skeletal remains, as well as a large collection of orthodontic records. The Lab is home to one of the few documented skeletal collections that is actively accepting donations, and now holds almost 300 individuals. We also house the unidentified human skeletal remains for the state of New Mexico.
This project is a long-term study (25 years) focusing on the behavioral ecology, physiology, and health of wild chimpanzees in the Kanyawara community of Kibale National Park, Uganda. Dr. Martin Muller is co-director of KCP, and Dr. Melissa Emery Thompson is a senior researcher with the project. KCP provides opportunities for UNM graduate students to conduct summer projects or dissertation research at an established research camp. Students can also supplement their own research with long-term data from the project.
Molecular Anthropology Laboratory
Keith Hunley, Anthropology Building, Room 146
The Molecular Anthropology Laboratory supports teaching and research in human evolutionary genetics. The lab is equipped to store biological samples and to collect and analyze genetic data. The major equipment includes thermocyclers, freezers, refrigerators, centrifuges, fume hoods, laminar flow hoods, and computers.
Maxwell Museum of Anthropology, 1717 Lomas Boulevard NE North Campus
OCA occupies 8560 sq. ft. and houses laboratories (3100 ft2), office space (4000 ft2), and artifact and equipment storage (1460 ft2). Space used for general administration includes a reception area with a dedicated FAX line, and offices for the Director, Associate Director, and Office Administrator. The facility also has separate offices for CAD/GIS, data processing, and report production. The facility contains analysis pods equipped to support 15 individual analysts, with desks, files, and network-linked microcomputers. OCA also houses a 5000+ volume library, and a conference room for meetings and presentations. Laboratory facilities include sinks, ample working and storage space for large-scale artifact processing and analysis, and a full range of basic analysis equipment, e.g., binocular and petrographic microscopes, triple-beam and digital balances, flotation devices, digital calipers, compasses, and microphotography equipment. There is a data management structure that emphasizes computerization of field excavation and survey data during the course of fieldwork, preliminary analysis, and reporting stages. It results in the production of comprehensive data compendia that have been used by agencies to obtain compliance to proceed with project actions shortly after fieldwork is completed. OCA data management emphasizes integrated use of survey and excavation databases for analysis, mapping, and graphics. OCA is well equipped for the various word processing, data management, analysis, graphic display, carto-graphic, and report production.
Sherry Nelson, Anthropology Building
This laboratory focuses on reconstructing paleo-ecologies and paleo-climates for fossil apes and hominids. In the past year the laboratory’s analytical abilities expanded to include isotopic and phytolith load analyses of chimpanzee foods. Collaborations included paleo-ecological reconstructions for Gigantopithecus, a giant extinct ape from China, Oreopithecus, the last ape found in Europe; a German Miocene locality that has yielded the first evidence for grazing diets in Europe; and collaborative isotopic analyses of chimpanzee fruits with colleagues at Harvard University, and isotopic analyses of fossil rodent teeth with colleagues at Harvard University and Johns Hopkins University.
Population Genetics Computer Lab
Jeff Long, Anthropology Building
This laboratory is a 300 square foot lab equipped with four well-equipped PC computers, and a phased purchase plan for more computers. There is direct intranet access for data transfer and storage. The machines run Windows 64 and one machine boots with Linux. There is software for word processing, data bases, programming languages, statistics, graphics, and DNA sequence analysis.
Emily Jones, Hibben Center
The Zooarchaeology Lab contains comparative specimens for a variety of Southwestern mammal, fish, and bird taxa, as well as a smaller number of comparatives from other regions, synoptic collections, and teaching collections. We work with the Southwest Museum of Biology to facilitate access to other comparative materials. Additional equipment includes a NextEngine 3D scanner and a Leica HD Stereomicroscope. Contact Dr. Jones for more information about resources and projects currently supported by the Zooarchaeology Lab.